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Gwinnett County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Created in 1818 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Gwinnett County was formed from parts of Jackson County (formerly part of Franklin County) and from lands gained through the cession of Creek Indian lands. Named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, the first county election was held at the home of Elisha Winn, and the first Superior Court was held in his barn. The county seat was later placed at Lawrenceville.
In 1831 a group of white men were tried and found guilty in Lawrenceville for violating Georgia law by living in the Cherokee Nation without a valid passport from the Governor. Two of the men appealed to the US Supreme Court in Worcester v. Georgia, which resulted in a ruling stating that only the federal government had jurisdiction over native lands, a decision which still stands.
In 1861, all three of Gwinnett County's representatives at the Georgia Constitutional Convention (1861) in Milledgeville voted against secession. Towards the end of the war, Union troops foraged in Gwinnett County as part of the Atlanta Campaign. The Freedmen's Bureau was active in Gwinnett County during Reconstruction. In 1871 the courthouse in Lawrenceville was burned by the Ku Klux Klan in an attempt to avoid prosecution for their crimes, which included the shooting of a black election manager in Norcross.
Early in the county's history, gold mining was a minor industry. The Gwinnett Manufacturing Company, a cotton textile factory, operated in Lawrenceville in the 1850s through 1865, when it burned. The Bona Allen Company in Buford, Georgia produced saddles, harnesses and other leather goods from 1873 to 1981.
The northeastern part of Gwinnett County was removed in 1914 to form a part of the new Barrow County.
The Elisha Winn House served as Gwinnett County's first courthouse.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.5%) is water. The county is located in the upper Piedmont region of the state.
It is located along the Eastern Continental Divide. A portion of the county to the northwest is a part of the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area chain.
Allocation of water from the regional reservoir, Lake Lanier, at the extreme north of the county, has been subject to the Tri-state water dispute.
The southern and central portions of Gwinnett County are located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Most of the county's northern edge, from south of Peachtree Corners to north of Buford, is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The county's eastern edge, north and south of Dacula, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. The map of the county is strikingly similar to Algeria.
Forsyth County – north
Hall County – northeast
Jackson County – northeast
Barrow County – east
Walton County – southeast
Rockdale County – south
DeKalb County – southwest
Fulton County – west
The county maintains a regional airport under the name Gwinnett County Airport, formerly Briscoe Field. The closest major airport serving the region is Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.
Major roads and expressways
I-85.svg Interstate 85
I-985.svg Interstate 985
US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
Georgia 8.svg State Route 8
Georgia 10.svg State Route 10
Georgia 13.svg State Route 13
Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
Georgia 84.svg State Route 84
Georgia 120.svg State Route 120
Georgia 124.svg State Route 124
Georgia 140.svg State Route 140
Georgia 141.svg State Route 141
Georgia 264.svg State Route 264
Georgia 316.svg State Route 316
Georgia 317.svg State Route 317
Georgia 324.svg State Route 324
Georgia 347.svg State Route 347
Georgia 365.svg State Route 365
Georgia 378.svg State Route 378
Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
Georgia 419.svg State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)
Main article: Ronald Reagan Parkway
Interstate 285 (while not inside the county) is roughly 1.5 miles from the county line.
GRTA Xpress commuter buses and Gwinnett County Transit serve the county.
Norcross Greyhound Bus Terminal, 2105 Norcross Pkwy, Norcross, GA 30071
On April 12, 2018, Gwinnett County Officials updated the transit plans to connect to the rest of Metro Atlanta via heavy rail.
Pedestrians and cycling
Beaver Ruin Creek Greenway (Proposed)
Camp Creek Greenway
Cedar Creek Trail Loop
Harbins Greenway (Proposed)
Ivy Creek Greenway (Under construction)
Ivy Creek-Snellville Trail (Proposed)
Norcross-Lilburn Trail (Proposed)
Piedmont Pathway (Proposed)
Sugar Hill Greenway (Under construction)
Suwanee Creek Greenway (Under construction)
The Loop Trail (Proposed)
Western Gwinnett Bikeway (Under construction)
In 2016, Suwanee unveiled the first Bike Share program in Gwinnett County.
Census Pop. %±
1820 4,589 —
1830 13,289 189.6%
1840 10,804 ?18.7%
1850 11,257 4.2%
1860 12,940 15.0%
1870 12,431 ?3.9%
1880 19,531 57.1%
1890 19,899 1.9%
1900 25,585 28.6%
1910 28,824 12.7%
1920 30,327 5.2%
1930 27,853 ?8.2%
1940 29,087 4.4%
1950 32,320 11.1%
1960 43,541 34.7%
1970 72,349 66.2%
1980 166,903 130.7%
1990 352,910 111.4%
2000 588,448 66.7%
2010 805,321 36.9%
Est. 2019 936,250 16.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
Gwinnett County is often cited as one of the counties in the US that has demographically changed the most rapidly. As recently as 1990, over 90% of Gwinnett County's population was white. By 2007, the county was considered majority-minority.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 927,781 people, 283,256 households, and 203,238 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,871.2 inhabitants per square mile (722.5/km2). There were 312,896 housing units at an average density of 677.4 per square mile (261.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 47.4% White, 28.5% black or African American, 18.8% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.4% from other races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 28.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, 7.8% were Irish, 7.7% were English, and 5.8% were American.
Of the 283,256 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40. The median age was 33.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $63,219 and the median income for a family was $70,767. Males had a median income of $48,671 versus $39,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,901. About 8.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
AGCO is headquartered in Duluth.
American Megatrends is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County near Norcross.
ASHRAE's world headquarters is in Peachtree Corners.
Comcast Corporation, the American global telecommunications conglomerate and owner of Xfinity and NBCUniversal, has its Southeast Headquarters in Peachtree Corners.
Canon has its southeast region headquarters in Norcross.
Datapath, Inc., a firm specializing in secure satellite communications and wireless communications systems, is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett, near Duluth.
Fortune 500 companies CarMax and Mass Mutual as well as Honeywell, Sprint Corporation, Siemens Industry Automation, Fleetcor, ACI Worldwide, and CMD Group are among the businesses in Peachtree Corners.
Hapag-Lloyd’s North American Headquarters is in Peachtree Corners.
The Harlem Globetrotters are headquartered in Peachtree Corners.
Primerica is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Duluth.
Scientific Atlanta in Lawrenceville.
United States Tennis Association (USTA)‘s headquarters for the Southern Section is in Peachtree Corners.
Waffle House is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.
Yerkes National Primate Research Center, the CDC's primate research center located on the campus of Emory University in Atlanta, maintains its high security Yerkes Field Station, which houses most of its primates, near Lawrenceville.
Government and politics
Under Georgia's "home rule" provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or state or federal Constitutions.
Gwinnett County, Georgia is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which exercises both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide and serves full-time. The four other commissioners are elected from single-member districts and serve part-time positions. The board hires a county administrator who oversees daily operations of the county's twelve executive departments. Gwinnett County has a police department that operates under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. Some of the local Gwinnett city budgets have recently come under increasing scrutiny of the General Funds allocated to police services. Cities such as Duluth have allocated as much as forty percent of their city budgets, reaching some of the highest levels in the nation. Solutions to high spending being discussed include additional “investment in mental health, housing, youth development and living wages would stabilize communities and prove more effective than policing.”
In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also elect persons to the following positions: Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of State/Superior Court, Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief Magistrate Judge (who appoints other Magistrate Court judges), Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and Chief State Court Judge and State Court Judges.
Gwinnett County has the largest public school system in the state of Georgia. Members of the Board of Education are elected from special election districts in the county.
From 1980 until 2012, the county was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections, which has since changed in recent times as the county has gotten larger and more diverse. In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County since 1976, when Georgia native Jimmy Carter won every county in the state. In 2018, Stacey Abrams became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County in a gubernatorial election since 1986 when Joe Frank Harris swept every county statewide.
Presidential election results
Gwinett County is one of six "reverse pivot counties", counties that voted Republican in 2008 and 2012, and voted Democratic in 2016.
Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners
District Name Party First elected Incorporated Cities of Gwinnett County represented
At-Large (Chair) Charlotte J. Nash Republican 2011 All
1 Jace Brooks Republican 2012 Duluth, Suwanee, Sugar Hill
2 Ben Ku Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Lilburn, Norcross, Tucker
3 Tommy Hunter Republican 2012 Auburn, Braselton, Dacula, Lawrenceville, Grayson, Loganville, Snellville
4 Marlene Fosque Democratic 2018 Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill
United States Congress
Senators Name Party First Elected Level
Senate Class 2 Kelly Loeffler Republican 2020 Junior Senator
Senate Class 3 David Perdue Republican 2014 Senior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
District 4 Hank Johnson Democratic 2006 Lilburn, Norcross, Snellville
District 7 Rob Woodall Republican 2010 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Suwanee, Buford, Snellville
District 10 Jody Hice Republican 2015 Dacula, Loganville
Georgia General Assembly
Georgia State Senate
District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
5 Sheikh Rahman Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Norcross
9 P.K. Martin IV Republican 2014 Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
40 Sally Harrell Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
41 Steve Henson Democratic 2002 Lilburn
45 Renee Unterman Republican 2002 Auburn, Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
48 Zahra Karinshak Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Norcross, Suwanee
55 Gloria Butler Democratic 1998 Grayson, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
Georgia House of Representatives
District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
81 Scott Holcomb Democratic 2010 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
93 Dar'shun Kendrick Democratic 2010 Loganville, Snellville
94 Karen Bennett Democratic 2012 Mountain Park
95 Beth Moore Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Norcross
96 Pedro Marin Democratic 2002 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Norcross
97 Bonnie Rich Republican 2018 Buford, Duluth, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
98 David Clark Republican 2014 Buford, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill
99 Brenda Lopez Democratic 2016 Lilburn, Norcross
100 Dewey McClain Democratic 2012 Lilburn
101 Sam Park Democratic 2016 Lawrenceville, Suwanee
102 Gregg Kennard Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
103 Timothy Barr Republican 2012 Braselton, Buford, Rest Haven
104 Chuck Efstration Republican 2012 Auburn, Dacula, Lawrenceville
105 Donna McLeod Democratic 2018 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Snellville
106 Brett Harrell Republican 2010 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Snellville
107 Shelly Hutchinson Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Snellville
108 Jasmine Clark Democratic 2018 Lilburn, Mountain Park
114 Tom Kirby Republican 2012 Grayson, Loganville
Northside Hospital – Lawrenceville
Northside hospital – Duluth
Eastside Medical Center – Snellville. Formerly Emory Eastside Medical Center, the hospital was purchased by Hospital Corporation of America in 2011.
The county's main newspaper is the Gwinnett Daily Post.
The Spanish language newspaper El Nuevo Georgia has its headquarters in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.
Telemundo Atlanta and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution are both based out of Gwinnett.
Primary and secondary schools
Gwinnett County Public Schools operates the public schools for residents in Gwinnett County, with the exception of residents inside the Buford city limits, which are served by the Buford City School District. There are 143 schools in the district—21 high schools, 29 middle schools, 80 elementary schools and 13 specialty schools, making it the largest school district in Georgia.
Greater Atlanta Christian School, the second-largest independent school in Georgia, is located in Norcross.
Hebron Christian Academy is located in Dacula.
Providence Christian Academy is located in Lilburn
Seigakuin Atlanta International School, a private Japanese education system elementary and middle school, was located in Peachtree Corners. The school moved from property at Oglethorpe University to its current address, former property of the Romanian First Baptist Church, in 2003.
Wesleyan School is located in Peachtree Corners.
Colleges and universities
Georgia Gwinnett College is located in Lawrenceville.
Gwinnett Technical College is also located in Lawrenceville.
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Suwanee.
Trevecca Nazarene University has an adult education site in Duluth.
University of Georgia has a satellite campus in Lawrenceville.
Minor-league affiliates of the NHL Boston Bruins and the MLB Atlanta Braves play home games and talent scout in the area.
In 2016, the Georgia Swarm of the National Lacrosse League relocated from Minnesota and began playing games at Infinite Energy Arena. The team won the league championship in 2017.
Georgia Force of Arena Football League had also played at Arena at Gwinnett Center before the team folded in 2012.
Club Sport League Venue Founded Titles
Atlanta Gladiators Ice hockey ECHL Infinite Energy Arena 1995 0
Atlanta United 2 Soccer United Soccer League Coolray Field 2017 0
Gwinnett Stripers Baseball International League Coolray Field 2009 0
Georgia Swarm Lacrosse National Lacrosse League Infinite Energy Arena 2004 1
Gwinnett also hosts the Gwinnett Lions Rugby Football Club, a Division 3 Men's Rugby Team competing in the Georgia Rugby Union.
Auburn (partly in Barrow County)
Buford (partly in Hall County)
Loganville (partly in Walton County)
Braselton (partly in Jackson County, Hall County, and Barrow County)
Rest Haven (partly in Hall County)
David Andrews, NFL football player with the New England Patriots.
Chandler Massey, actor (Days of Our Lives); received the 2012, 2013, and 2014 Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actor in a Drama Series. In 2012, Massey became the first actor ever to receive a Daytime Emmy Award for playing a gay character.
James Ramsey, Major League Baseball player with the Los Angeles Dodgers.
Trey Thompkins, basketball player formerly with Los Angeles Clippers.
Brice Butler, NFL wide receiver with the Dallas Cowboys.
Jodie Meeks, NBA shooting guard with the Washington Wizards.
Migos, hip hop group.
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